You want more success in your studies? We’ll explain the basic principles of scientific work and give you valuable tips on how to write a paper efficiently and in a time-saving manner.
Scientific work: a definition
A scientific paper is an own systematically constructed research text, which in the end represents a specific result. Scientific work primarily concerns students, doctoral students, professors or career researchers. Universities, research institutions, scientific conferences and research colloquia regularly deal with the production and presentation of scientific papers.
In academic research, student research papers are mostly concerned with niche research, as the scope of their work is limited to a specific number of pages. There are many forms of scientific work; our following tips are essentially about the most popular form of writing homework.
The formal requirements for the term papers (term papers) differ from university to university. Every student should follow the specific guidelines for their subject and their university. In general, however, there are certain basic principles for academic work at a university, to which we want to give you a few important tips. They can also be transferred to bachelor and master theses. Here you will find information on the construction of chores and Dos and Don’ts, which should be noted.
Scientific work has many forms
Universities require different forms of scientific work. Sometimes they already meet us at school. Although our tips primarily relate to the writing of seminar, bachelor or master theses, in some points they can also be applied to the following forms. They all follow a research principle, want to impart knowledge, comply with certain specifications and leave out important information for the recipient.
The scientific poster
- The protocol
- Empirical work (interview, survey etc.)
- The thesis paper
- Written presentation
- Term paper or housework
- bachelor thesis
- master thesis
- master thesis
The goal of scientific work
Scientific work means that starting from a question you are able to illuminate a topic in a critical, objective and argumentative way and finally come to a conclusion. You should prove that you can work focused and you can reproduce important contents that fit in your study program, and deepen independently.
During your studies you can already practice the scientific work depending on the course of study. The final module examinations are different until the bachelor thesis. Some degree programs focus on exams only on exams. This can be fatal for some students when it comes to the bachelor thesis. In humanities studies, however, it is usually the case that a scientific paper is required to complete a module. This allows students to practice their academic work during their studies.
7 tips for scientific work
Below you will find important tips for working scientifically. They help you to structure your work and time management, thus ensuring greater efficiency. We also have other tips to help you with systematic research and writing.
Find a cognitive interest
Cognitive interest justifies the need for your work. This can either be a personal interest or a research gap that you want to fill. Be aware that no matter which field of study you take, you will not be able to answer any big questions in a normal seminar paper. General statements are difficult to make, as you will always be able to work by example only. In the Bachelor you have an even lower number of pages available than in the Master. Keep your topic small and narrow. But always choose a cognitive interest, that you are really interested, that promotes the motivation tremendously.
Formulate a clear question
Many pupils and students fail because they do not formulate a clear question. This question also always includes a hypothesis. What do you think about how you will answer this question? Pinpoint the structure of your work and try to systematically work towards answering that one question.
If you do not know any further while writing, keep calling your questions to mind. It also allows you to stay in the context of your topic rather than digressing in all directions. More information on finding a topic and questioning a bachelor thesis can be found here.
Make arrangements with the lecturer
Academic work at the university can only be rewarded with a good grade if you make clear and precise agreements with your lecturer. Therefore, do not just go into the consultation with a small idea, but try to work out your topic as far as possible. Do not just present an outline, but add to the respective chapter also key points on how you want to proceed exactly.
You should be prepared for any inquiries. Think about a title in advance, formulate a research question and your hypothesis. Put down roughly what general information and theoretical and methodological fundamentals you need and how you want to proceed step-by-step in the analysis. If uncertain, write down questions that you can ask your instructor.
Limit your research
The reason why ghostwriters complete a scientific paper of 40 pages in about two weeks is that they are incredibly experienced in researching and writing. Students probably spend most of their time doing intensive research, in which they repeatedly try to find out about other topics and write out things that they do not need afterwards.
You should always be aware that you should not go too far – neither in the search nor in your question. Good research is characterized by the fact that you know exactly about the current state of research, but do not take every detail into your work. Secondary facts that are not directly in the body text can be written in your footnotes.
As you write, ask yourself the question: Do I need this information to answer my research question? Is it really necessary for the overall understanding of my work? Remember always: The more precise the question, the more limited the topic and the faster is the end of work in sight.
Quote in moderation
The citation is of course part of the scientific work. However, you should not overdo it. In any case, you will make many comparisons to other scientists and either render their statements meaningfully or literally, and it is also important that you identify all of them. Nevertheless, your own thoughts should not be neglected.
If a lecturer realizes that your work has been put together only from foreign ideas, the actual goal of scientific work is missed. Your study achievement is defined not only by answering a research question, but also by critically illuminating and questioning other researchers and theories. Thus, no statements such as “I do not see it that way” meant, but objectively understandable lines of argument that your lecturer can understand well.
Improve your time management for more efficiency
Time Management is essential for scientific work. Only by having a good time schedule and planning can you work efficiently and calculate how long you will need for your work.
To-do lists or apps can help you with your time management. Create fixed daily schedules and time periods dedicated exclusively to your work. Self-discipline really pays off here, because it’s the little disruptive factors that accumulate in the end, ruining your plans and beyond the scope of your work. Do not risk your coming over your deadline. Here are some tips on how to manage your time efficiently.
Remove periods for individual chapters
Of course, the timing of your scientific work can not always run exactly as you have imagined. But: It is very beneficial if you have a rough plan of how much time you have to calculate approximately per chapter. So you can work your way piece by piece. This is not only gentle on your psyche, but also makes your planning easier.
If you have only a part of your work in your head at any one time, you do not stress yourself permanently about how many pages you are missing until you are done. You do not see the huge big stress mountain waiting to be worked off, but only a small hill in front of you that you have to conquer. If there are no sub chapters in your scientific paper that will allow you to break down your milestones, you should make sense sections and work them out slowly.
That’s how much time you should plan during the day
In general, you should always take several hours to get to work. You’ll probably have to read a little over and over again – and that takes time. If you only work one or two hours a day, your work will last forever and your chapters will be greatly increased.
So, spend at least three hours a day so it’s worth starting. Ideally, you will work as long as possible. Find out at what time of the day you can work most efficiently. Do you have a whole day off? Great, use the day and at least eight hours to work – but do not forget the breaks.